General Glossary & Concepts

Keyboards & Gear

Synthesizer:
A synthesizer is basically any device (keyboard, module or software) that creates sounds for itself based on a waveform. It has, in general, a large variety of parameters that lets you modify and create sounds that are very unique and with a lot of personality on it.
There are some synthesizers very limited and others very powerful, so, be careful when you’re looking for one in order to buy it. Be sure that the instrument is able to do everything you need from it before you buy it.
Some examples of synthesizers are: Moog’s Minimoog, Alesis’ Andromeda, Roland’s V-Synth and Clavia’s NordWave.

Synthesis:
There is a full page about this, so, check it out for better understanding.
Synthesis Glossary & Concepts.

Workstation:
A workstation is a kind of equipment that gathers a lot of different functionalities and usages. More commonly, they all have synthesizing, sequencing, sampling, MIDI controlling and audio-processing (like recording and editing) systems built-on. This equipments are expensive but very useful on the whole creating and performing music process.
Some examples of workstations are: KORG’s OASYS, Roland’s Fantom G, Yamaha’s Motif XS and OpenLabs’ Neko.

Sampler:
Sampler is a device that quite often can record samples to use as waveforms – or simply import them from your computer – and edit them to create sounds. They usually read/write AIFF, WAVE or MP3 files.
Nowadays, almost every synthesizer/workstation is not analogical any more, so, they run any kind of waveform then apply effects, filters or envelopes over it in order to create and modify the sound. In some equipments you have those factory waveforms. You can’t modify, delete, change or import those waveforms because they are stored in a Read-Only Memory (ROM). But if your equipment is also a sampler, you can import, delete, change and modify your own sample waveforms that you store in a Random Access Memory (RAM).
Some exemples of keyboards with built-on sampler: Roland’s JUNO-G and KORG’s Triton.

MIDI Controller:
The emphasis here is to control other MIDI devices. Since the MIDI Controller keyboards has no sound engine and sometimes your not able to put your hands on many different keyboards, or the device you’ want to control has no keyboard at all (like modules or softwares) or you just want to have your rig setted up in only one master controller. This devices are very useful and practical since they’re cheap and easy to use.
Some exemples of MIDI controllers are: M-Audio’s Prokeys, Edirol’s PCR and CME’s UF.

DAW:
“Digital Audio Workstation” is kind of software designed to record, edit and playback audio. These softwares are very powerful and expensive, since it’s a complete working tool just by itself. Most of the DAWs come with some plug-ins, like some VST effects and synthesizers.
Some examples of DAW are: Digidesign’s Pro Tools, Cakewalk’s Sonar, Steinberg’s Cubase and Ableton’s Live.

VST:
“Virtual Studio Technology” is a kind of software or plug-in developed to simulate high quality studio gear, such as Amplifiers, Effect Modules or even Synthesizers. The ones that simulate instruments (like Quantum Leap Ra) are called VSTi, “i” standing for “instrument”. These systems can be used as plug-ins for DAW’s or used as standalone, and they’re very often controlled via MIDI.
You can either apply those plug-ins to already recorded tracks or use it to create a new one.
Some examples of VST/VSTi are: East West’s Quantum Leap Ra, Native Instrument’s B4 II, Arturia’s MiniMoog V and KORG’s Legacy Collection.

Music & Art

Gesamtkunstwerk:
For one, gesamtkunstwerk is a German word that means “total artwork”, so, it’s a kind of artwork that includes different arts, such as Theatre, Painting, Music, Literature, Dance, Cinema, and many others that the author may wish.
The head-man of this concept was Richard Wagner, famous German composer. One of his famous Gesamtkunstwerke – and actually one of his most famous artworks at all – is Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung, from the original German) which has total length of 15 hours and it’s divided in four operas, Das Rheingold (The Rhinegold), Die Walküre (The Valkyre), Siegfried and Götterdämmerung (Twilight of the Gods).


One Response to “General Glossary & Concepts”

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    Um beijão e muita força

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